High blood pressure is abnormally high blood pressure with no known cause. Blood pressure measurements are read as two numbers. The higher number is called the systolic pressure . The lower number is called the diastolic pressure. Normal systolic pressure is 120 or less, and normal diastolic blood pressure is 80 or less. High blood pressure is defined as systolic pressure greater than 140 and/or diastolic pressure greater than 90. People with systolic blood pressures between 120 and 139, or diastolic pressures of 80 to 89 are considered “prehypertensive” and need medical monitoring and lifestyle changes. High blood pressure puts stress on the heart, lungs, brain, kidneys, and blood vessels. Over time, high blood pressure can damage these organs and tissues.
Blood Pressure Monitor
By definition, the cause of essential hypertension is not known
High blood pressure usually does not cause symptoms. Your organs and tissues can be damaged by high blood pressure without you feeling any symptoms. Occasionally, if blood pressure reaches extreme levels, you may experience the following symptoms:
How do I treat a fever?
Treat all fevers with extra fluids and less clothing. Encourage your child to drink extra fluids, but do not force him to drink. Popsicles and iced drinks are helpful. Body fluids are lost during fevers because of sweating. Clothing should be kept to a minimum because most heat is lost through the skin. Do not bundle up your child; it will cause a higher fever. During the time your child feels cold or is shivering (the chills), give him a light blanket.
Should I give my child medicine to reduce a fever?
Remember that fever is helping your child fight the infection. Use drugs if your child is uncomfortable and the fever is over 102°F(39°C). Children older than two months of age can be given acetaminophen for reducing fever. Give the correct dosage for your child’s age every four to six hours, but no more often. Ibuprofen products are also now available without a prescription. If you use ibuprofen products, give the correct dosage for your child’s weight every six to eight hours as needed.
Can I give aspirin?
NO. The American Academy of Pediatrics has recommended that children not take aspirin if they have the chickenpox or influenza (any cold, cough or sore throat symptoms). This recommendation is based on several studies that have linked aspirin to Reye’s syndrome, a sever illness.
How much medicine do I give my child?
It is very important to follow the correct dosage for your child’s weight. The following chars give the correct dosages for acetaminophen and ibuprofen.
Caution: The dropper that comes with one product should not be used with other brands.
How do acetaminophen and ibuprofen compare?
Acetaminophen and ibuprofen are similar in their abilities to lower fever, and their safety records are similar. One advantage that ibuprofen has over acetaminophen is a longer-lasting effect (six to eight hours instead of four to six hours). However, acetaminophen is still the drug of choice for controlling fever in most conditions. Children with special problems requiring a longer period of fever control may do better with ibuprofen.
High blood pressure is often diagnosed during a visit to the doctor. Blood pressure is measured using a cuff around the arm and a device called a sphygmomanometer. If your blood pressure reading is high, you’ll be asked to come back for repeat blood pressure checks. If you have two or more visits with readings over 140/90, you will be diagnosed with high blood pressure.
Tests to make sure your high blood pressure is not caused by another medical condition and that it has not already caused complications include:
Types of medications to lower blood pressure include:
Note: Untreated high blood pressure can lead to:
To reduce your chance of developing high blood pressure: